Buddhadharma, or the Teaching of the Buddha, were established around 2500 year ago in ancient India by Buddha Shakyamuni. These Teachings, with the passing of the centuries, spread all over Asia and consequently arrived to Tibet.
The Buddha’s Teachings were transmitted from teacher to student through different Lineages of practice, which exist within the four principal Schools. The purity of the methods was preserved thanks to the realization attained by the holders of those Lineages and the mastery of the received Instructions.
The Nyingma Lineages in particular, preserves and transmits the Teachings which came from India through Guru Rinpoche, also known as Padmasambhava, in the mid-8th century AD.
The Kagyu Lineages emphasize the Oral Transmission and date back specifically to the Teachings of Tilopa, one of the eighty four Mahasiddhas, and who lived in India in the 11th century AD.
In Tibet, these two Schools, Nyingma and Kagyu, have enjoyed a close historical and lineage connection, mutually influencing each other in term of practice and tradition.
In the Nyingmapa tradition, the Ultimate Teaching was called Maha-ati (tib. Dzogpa Chenpo or Dzogchen), whereas in the Kagyu it has been denominated Mahamudra (tib. Chagya Chenpo or Chagchen); but, in essence, the Maha-ati and the Mahamudra are just one. The Mahamudra and Dzogchen, are the principal means to accomplish the awakening to our own True Nature.
The Dzogchen and the Mahamudra are the Heart Essence of all the Buddha´s and the consummation of Tibetan Buddhism practice. Through these it becomes possible to discover the Real Nature of the Mind and its integration in wherever and under whatever life circumstance.
That´s why, in India and in Tibet, the Masters of these Traditions were part of every sections of society; monks, heads of household, hermits, peasants, shepherds and scholars, in conclusion, realized men and women regardless of their social and religious condition.
In any situation, Dzogchen and Mahamudra, provide appropriate methods and techniques. The practice should be done in the isolation of a retreat or while involved in the daily complexities of modern life; always applicable to any situation, at any point in life.